Young children find it hard to play alone. They need attention from someone who can play with them. Gradually theyll learn to entertain themselves for some Family pictureof the time, but first they need to learn how to do that. Fortunately, children learn from everything thats going on around them, and everything they do. When youre washing up, your toddler can stand next to you on a chair and wash the saucepan lids; when you cook, make sure your baby can see and talk to you as you work. The times when theyre not learning much are the times when theyre bored. Thats as true for babies as of older children.
So what really matters?
Find a lot of different things for your child to look at, think about, and do.
Make what youre doing fun and interesting for your child, so you can get it done.
Make some time to give all your attention to what your child wants to do.
Talk about anything and everything, even about the washing-up or what to put on the shopping list, so that you share as much as possible.
Find a place and time when your child can learn how to use his or her body by running, jumping and climbing. This is especially important if you dont have much room at home.
Find other people who can spend time with your child at those times when you really do need to attend to something else.
It is best to buy toys that carry the British Standard Kitemark or the Lion mark, or CE mark, as these conform to safety standards.
Take care if you buy toys from car boot sales, market stalls or second hand toys as these may not conform to safety standards and could be dangerous.
Take safety measures such as Not suitable for a child under 36 months seriously (03 sign). This sign warns that a toy is unsuitable for a child under three because of small parts.
Check that the toy has no sharp edges that could hurt your child, or small parts that your child could put in his or her mouth and choke on.
Toys for children with special needs
Toys for children with special needs should match his or her mental age and ability. They should be brightly coloured and offer sound and action. If a toy made for a younger child, is used by an older child, the strength of the toy should be taken into account.
Children who have a visual impairment will need toys with different textures to explore with their hands and mouth. A child who has a hearing impairment will need toys to stimulate language.
Some things do have to happen at certain times, and your child does slowly have to learn about that. But when youre with your child try not to work to a strict timetable. Your child is unlikely to fit in with it and then youll both get frustrated. A lot of things can be pushed around to suit the mood of you and your child. Theres no rule that says the washing-up has to be done before you go to the playground, especially if the suns shining and your childs bursting with energy.
Keep your child fit
Children want to use their bodies to crawl, walk, run, jump and climb. The more opportunity you can give them, the happier theyll be, and youll probably find that they sleep better and are more cheerful and easy going when theyve had the opportunity to run off some energy. At the same time youll be helping their muscle development and general fitness and, if they start to see outdoor activities and sports as a part of their lives, youll be laying down the habits that will keep them fitter as adults. Make time for your children to exercise.
Allow your baby to lie and kick his or her legs.
Make your floor a safe place for a crawler to move around.
Make time for your toddler to walk with you rather than using the buggy.
Take toddlers and young children to the park to try climbing and swinging or just so that they have a safe space to run.
Find out whats on for parents and babies at the local leisure centre.
Take your baby swimming. There is no need to wait until your child has had his or her immunisations.